What is TOEFL Test?
TOEFL or Test of English as a Foreign Language is an English Proficiency test, conducted to evaluate the English speaking and understanding ability of a candidate. TOEFL is accepted as proof of English proficiency in 9,000 colleges, universities and organizations and other TOEFL participating institutes across 130 countries in the World. TOEFL is conducted more than 50 times a year by Educational Testing Service (ETS) – a US-based non-profit organisation.
TOEFL test pattern
TOEFL has essentially two versions: TOEFL iBT (Internet-based test) and TOEFL PBT (paper-based test). Both the versions of TOEFL have four sections- Reading, Speaking, Listening and Writing. The test takes about 4 hours to complete. Candidates can retake the TOEFL test as many times as they wish.
Who owns ToEFL iBT
Educational Testing Service (ETS) USA, Princeton, New Jersey (Headquarters)
While there are four ways to get TOEFL Registration -Online, by mail, by phone and in person – a majority of candidates apply for TOEFL online.
The TOEFL score requirements are set by individual educational institutions. The total TOEFL test score is between 0–120. TOEFL results are valid for two years after the test and there is no limit to the number of times you can take the test. TOEFL test scores are posted online within 2 weeks of the test date.
The 4 Major Sections of the TOEFL
The Listening section (60-90 minutes long) makes sure you can understand information given to you orally—for example, when you listen to a lecture or speak to a professor at university. This section has four to six lectures and questions that test your understanding of the content, as well as your understanding of the motivations and emotions of speakers.
The Reading section (60-100 minutes long) assesses your ability to understand and analyze written texts on topics like science and academic discussions.
Writing section (50 minutes) is all about demonstrating how you can use your English in writing. Here, you will apply your knowledge of grammar and vocabulary and form clear sentences and paragraphs.
And finally, the, Speaking section (20 minutes) consists of six tasks that you complete by talking into a microphone during the test. It is meant to measure how well you can express your thoughts and ideas in English.
Each section has a maximum score of 30, so the maximum TOEFL score overall is 120. This means that 120 is a perfect score.